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The Easter Bunny

“Here comes Peter Cottontail
hoppin’ down the bunny trail
Hippity hoppity
Easters on its way!”

The Easter bunny has its origin in pre-Christian fertility lore. The Hare and the Rabbit were the most fertile animals known and they served as symbols of the new life during the Spring season.
The bunny as an Easter symbol seems to have its origins in Germany, where it was first mentioned in German writings in the 1500s. The first edible Easter bunnies were made in Germany during the early 1800s. And were made of pastry and sugar.

The Easter bunny was introduced to American folklore by the German settlers who arrived in the Pennsylvania Dutch country during the 1700s.
The arrival of the “Oschter Haws” was considered “childhood’s greatest pleasure” next to a visit from Christ-Kindel on Christmas Eve. The children believed that if they were good the “Oschter Haws” would lay a nest of colored eggs.
The children would build their nest in a secluded place in the home, the barn or the garden. Boys would use their caps and girls their bonnets to make the nests . The use of elaborate Easter baskets would come later as the tradition of the Easter bunny spread through out the country.

“Oh! here comes Peter Cottontail,
Hoppin’ down the bunny trail,
Hippity hoppity
Happy Easter day”

bunny

Anúncios

The Origin of the Easter Bunny & Colored Easter Eggs

 
 
 
 
 

 

 

Just as Santa Claus represents Christmas, a hopping life-size bunny with a basket full of colorful eggs is the quintessential image of Easter.

The original Easter bunny was probably associated with the Pagan equinox festival that predated Easter. The Saxons devoted the month of April to celebrating their goddess of spring and fertility, who was, not coincidentally, named Eastre. Eastre’s sacred animal was the hare – not surprising since the rabbit is one of the most common symbols of fertility and rebirth.

The colored eggs carried by today’s Easter bunnies have another, even more ancient origin. Eggs have long been associated with fertility and springtime festivals – for so long, in fact, that the precise roots of the association are unknown. Ancient Romans and Greeks utilized eggs in festivals celebrating resurrected gods. The egg also featured prominently in the Jewish rituals of Passover – and still today the roasted egg has prominence on the seder table as an essential symbol of springtime and rebirth.

 

Scholars believe that the pairing of the hare and the egg together in Easter may also have Pagan roots. During springtime, when days and nights were equal length, the hare was identified with the moon goddess and the egg with the sun god. Pairing the two together offered a kind of ying and yang to spring equinox celebrations.

The next historical entry under Bunny & Egg is found fifteen hundred years later in Germany. There, children would eagerly await the arrival of the Oschter Haws, a rabbit who delighted children on Easter morning by laying colored eggs in nests. This was also the first known time that the rabbit and egg were iconoclastically linked together.

The German tradition of the Oschter Haws migrated to America in the 1800s, likely accompanying German immigrants, many of whom settled in Pennsylvania. Over the past 200 years, the Oschter Haws or Easter Bunny has become the most commercially recognized symbol of Easter.

Today American children squeal with delight when they see the bunny-whether he’s headlining their neighborhood Easter egg hunt or greeting visitors at the local mall. The Easter bunny and his ubiquitous basket of eggs has surely become the most adored and recognized symbol of the Easter season.

Ovos de galinha?

Nos Estados Unidos, assim como no Brasil, o ovo é o símbolo da Páscoa cristã, mas saem os ovos gigantes de chocolate e entram os ovos de galinha, cujas cascas são pintadas na véspera da páscoa numa atividade que envolve toda a família. Depois disso os pais escondem os ovos pela casa e no domingo as crianças saem a caça deles. Chocolates também fazem parte da páscoa americana, mas nada comparável ao lugar ocupado pelo chocolate na páscoa brasileira.

The Easter Lily

 

Easter morn with lilies fair
Fills the church with perfumes rare,
As their clouds of incense rise,
Sweetest offerings to the skies.
Stately lilies pure and white
Flooding darkness with their light,
Bloom and sorrow drifts away,
On this holy hallow’d day.
Easter Lilies bending low
in the golden afterglow,
Bear a message from the sod
To the heavenly towers of God.

-Louise Lewin Matthews

The Easter Lily, also known by its Latin name Lilium longiflorum, has become the traditional Easter flower. With all the different flowers available in the spring garden, it is this beautiful, white flower, that has come to symbolize the spiritual values of Easter: purity, life and renewel. The flower’s trumpet shape is a reminder of the heralding of Jesus, returning triumphant to Jerusalem.
 

The History of the Easter Lily

Native to Japan, Easter Lilies were imported to the United States until 1941, when World War II prompted Americans to start growing their own bulbs.

Today, nearly all of the 15 million Easter Lily bulbs grown in America are produced by just ten farms along the California-Oregon border. The bulbs are harvested in the fall, and then shipped to commercial greenhouses in Michigan, California, Pennsylvania and Ohio, where they are planted in time to bloom for Easter.
Easter Lilies are the fourth largest selling potted plant in America, upstaged by the popular Christmas-time poinsettias, mums and azaleas.

The Easter Connection

According to Biblical scholars, the Easter Lily was found growing in the Garden of Gethsemane where Judas is said to have betrayed Jesus. Legend tells that white lilies miraculously sprung up from the ground where drops of Jesus’ sweat and tears fell during his last hours.
The Easter Lily also has close associations with Jesus’ mother, the Virgin Mary. In early religious paintings, the Archangel Gabriel is pictured extending a branch of white lilies to Mary, symbolizing that she had become the virgin mother to the savior.
Today, many churches use large bouquets of lilies to adorn their alters and crosses during the Easter season.
 

Taking Care of Your Easter Lily

To keep your Easter Lilies fresh and fragrant for as long as possible, purchase potted plants with flowers at various stages of opening and with abundant, dark green foliage. As the flowers open and mature, pinch off the yellow anthers before the pollen sheds. The yellow pollen will stain the other white flowers. Once a mature flower has started to wither, you may cut it off at the base to better showcase the new buds.
Easter lilies thrive in moderately cool temperatures (no higher than 65 degrees Fahrenheit) and enjoy bright, but indirect natural sunlight. Keep soil moist and well-drained. Avoid over-watering. Remove any decorative wrappings or coverings, which can trap standing water in the pot.
You can expect your potted Easter Lily to bloom for 1-3 weeks around the Easter holiday. Despite its name, the natural bloom for the Easter Lily is actually during the summer. Under controlled greenhouse conditions, the lily is brought to an early bloom in time for Easter. If you want to continue to enjoy your lily for years to come, try planting the bulb and remaining greenery in your garden after the flowering is finished. Subsequent blooms will occur naturally in the summer.

Italian Easter Pie

   
 
Italian Easter Pie 
 
  
 

For a unique way to round out your Easter menu, try this sweet yet savory Italian pie

Ingredients

For the crust:

3 cups flour
1/2 cup sugar
1 1/2 teaspoons baking powder
1/4 teaspoon salt
1 stick cold, unsalted butter, cut into cubes
1/4 cup vegetable shortening
2 eggs, lightly beaten
1 teaspoon vanilla extract
2 to 3 tablespoons cold milk

For the filling:

1 1/2 pounds ricotta cheese, drained well
3/4 cup sugar
5 large eggs
1 teaspoon finely grated orange zest
1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon
1/2 cup finely chopped semisweet chocolate
1/4 cup lightly toasted pine nuts or almonds

Directions

1.Make the pie crust first. Sift flour, sugar, baking powder and salt into large mixing bowl. Add butter and shortening and work into the flour mixture with a pastry blender until it resembles crumbs. In a small bowl, whisk eggs and vanilla together and add to crumbs. Knead together with your hands, adding as much milk as necessary to form a ball. Divide into two portions, one slightly larger than the other. Wrap in plastic wrap and refrigerate for at least an hour.

2.Remove dough from refrigerator and roll out on a lightly floured surface to 1/8-inch thick. Lay the dough on the bottom of a deep dish pie pan. Let an inch hang over the sides. Refrigerate. Roll out the second half of dough to the same thickness and transfer to a baking sheet. Wrap the top with plastic and refrigerate.

3.Preheat oven to 325 degrees F.

4.Beat together ricotta cheese and sugar until combined. Add eggs, one at a time, beating well after each addition. Stir in orange zest, cinnamon, chocolate and pine nuts.

5.Remove pie pan from oven and pour filling into it. Lay the second pastry on top and match up the edges, crimping them together. Make several small slits in the top of the pie with a knife, to allow steam to escape.

6.Bake for one hour, or until the pastry is golden brown. If edges begin to burn, use a piece of aluminum foil wrapped around the pie.

7.Cool on a wire rack and serve room temperature.

Planejamento Escolar 2010

 

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Língua Estrangeira Moderna (LEM) – Inglês

 

 

Prezado (a) Professor (a),

Neste início de ano letivo, gostaria de lhe dar as boas-vindas e de conversar um pouco sobre aspectos relacionados ao processo de ensino e aprendizagem do inglês. É importante desmistificar as dificuldades que o idioma pode oferecer: habilidades e competências desenvolvidas no estudo de outras disciplinas, notadamente o português, ajudarão o aluno no seu contato com o inglês. Ao mesmo tempo, novas estratégias de aprendizagem, adotadas nas aulas de inglês, poderão ser úteis em outras disciplinas.

O aluno deve perceber que a construção do conhecimento não é um processo estanque, com os assuntos divididos em áreas rigidamente compartimentadas. Ao contrário: todas as áreas podem e devem se relacionar, contribuindo para o crescimento dos alunos, como indivíduos e cidadãos conscientes e participativos.

No caso específico do inglês, é fundamental que eles percebam que têm muitas oportunidades de contato com o idioma no seu dia a dia: por meio de filmes e músicas, por exemplo, e de palavras inglesas usadas no Brasil, seja no original (“delivery”, “self-service”, “skate”), seja como termos aportuguesados (futebol, pênalti, gol, hambúrguer).

Além disso, o inglês é a língua mais usada na internet, à qual mais e mais alunos têm acesso, e muito importante no mercado de trabalho. Com a ajuda desse idioma, os alunos podem se comunicar com pessoas do mundo inteiro, recebendo informações sobre outros povos e falando sobre nós. O objetivo maior é aprender a conviver com as diferenças e a valorizar o que há de positivo em todas as culturas.

Categorias:Caderno do Aluno

5ª série / 6º ano

 

           

Para muitos alunos, este será o primeiro contato formal com o idioma. É importante fazer com que eles percebam que já sabem muito mais inglês do que imaginam. Os diversos volumes do Caderno do Aluno trarão atividades que mostrarão que o inglês está presente no nosso dia a dia nas mais variadas formas, e que eles devem aproveitar todas as oportunidades para ampliar seus conhecimentos fora da escola. Você pode facilitar o contato inicial em sala de aula, falando das principais diferenças entre o inglês e o português em relação à ortografia e pronúncia. Pode partir de palavras conhecidas, como skate e Yahoo, para falar do uso de letras que não são tão usadas em português, como o k, o y e o w, geralmente limitadas aos nomes próprios, e a diferença entre sons de letras no português e no inglês. Você também pode usar as primeiras aulas para ensinar a soletrar, para treinar o uso de algumas fórmulas para comunicação em sala de aula (“Sorry, I don´t understand” ; “May I go to the toilet?”) e para apresentar a eles os dicionários bilíngues.

Categorias:Caderno do Aluno